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sábado, 1 de junio de 2019

PRESENTE SIMPLE EN INGLÉS

PRESENTE SIMPLE


En el siguiente artículo vamos a analizar el presente simple en inglés. Vamos a analizar su formación, su uso y aquellos adverbios que lo acompañan. Lo primero que debes saber respecto al presente simple en inglés es que debemos distinguir entre el presente simple del verbo to be y have got y el presente simple del resto de los verbos en inglés, ya que su formación es distinta.



FORMACIÓN VERBO TO BE


Forma afirmativa

I am (I'm) - yo soy / yo estoy

You are (You're) - tu eres / tu estás

He is (He's) - el es / el está

She is (She's) - ella es / ella está

It is (It's) - el o ella es / el o ella está (se refiere a animales u objetos)

We are (We're) - nosotros somos / nosotros estamos

You are (You're) - vosotros sois / vosotros estáis

They are (They're) - ellos son / ellos están


Ejemplos:

She is a very tall girl - Ella es una chica muy alta

They are my best friends - Ellos son mis mejores amigos




Forma negativa



I am not (I'm not)

You are not (You aren't)

He is not (He isn't)

She is not (She isn't)

It is not (It isn't)

We are not (We aren't)

They are not (They aren't)


Ejemplos:

She is not tired (Ella no está cansada)

It is not hot today (No hace calor hoy)



Forma interrogativa


Am I?

Are you?

Is he?

Is she?

Is it?

Are we?

Are you?

Are they?


Ejempos:


Are you a good student? (¿Eres un buen estudiante?)

Are you angry with me? (¿Estás enfadado conmigo)



FORMACIÓN VERBO HAVE GOT 


Forma afirmativa


I have got (I've got) - Yo tengo

You have got (You've got) - Tu tienes

He has got (He's got) - El tiene

She has got (She's got) - Ella tiene

It has got (It's got) - El / Ella tiene (Se refiere a animales u objetos)

We have got (We've got) - Nosotros/as tenemos

You have got (You've got) - Vosotros/as tenéis

They have got (They've got) - Ellos/as tienen


Forma negativa


I have not got (I haven't got)

You have got got (You haven't got)

He has not got (He hasn't got)

She has not got (She hasn't got)

It has not got (It hasn't got)

We have not got (We haven't got)

They have got got (They haven't got)


Forma interrogativa


Have I got?

Have you got?

Has he got?

Has she got?

Has it got?

Have we got?

Have you got?

Have they got?



FORMACIÓN PRESENTE SIMPLE DEL RESTO DE LOS VERBOS



Una vez que hemos analizado el presente simple del verbo to be y have got, nos centramos en la formación del presente simple del resto de los verbos en inglés.  Para ello, vamos a utiliza el verbo WALK (caminar/pasear) como ejemplo:


Forma afirmativa


I walk (Yo camino)

You walk (Tu caminas)

He walks (El camina)

She walks (Ella camina)

It walks (El o ella camina) - Para animales u objetos

We walk - (Nosotros caminamos)

You walk - (Vosotros camináis)

They walk (Ellos caminan)


Como se puede observar la 3º persona del singular (he, she, it) añade una "-s" al verbo. Si un verbo acaba en s, ss, sh, ch, o, x -se añade "-es" al verbo. Si un verbo acaba en "-y" precedida de consonante añadimos "-ies". Observa los siguiente ejemplos:


I kiss - he kisses

I wash - he washes

I watch TV - she watches TV

I go - she goes

I mix - he mixes


Forma negativa


I do not walk (I don't walk)

You do not walk (You don't walk)

He does not walk (He doesn't walk)

She does not walk (She doesn't walk)

It does not walk (It doesn't walk)

We do not walk (We don't walk)

You do not walk (You don't walk)

They do not walk (They don't walk)


Forma interrogativa


Do I walk?

Do you walk?

Does he walk?

Does she walk?

Does it walk?

Do we walk?

Do you walk?

Do they walk?





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